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As everyone knows, vehicles are made up of a fantastic number of parts, each with its own specific job. Compiled here is a list of the various parts which make up an automobile, and also the various technologies, fuels, and systems which can be found on modern vehicles. There are also explanations for the abbreviations and acronyms which are commonly used in the automotive and wider transport profession.
A
A-arm
A-pillar
AAS (Audi)
ABC (Mercedes-Benz)
ABS
ACC
Accelerator
Accumulator Type Catalyzer
Ackermann Steering
Acorn Hexagonal Nut
Activated Carbon Canister
Active Front Steering
Active Noise Control
Active Safety
Active Suspension
Actuator
Adapter Plate
Adaptive Air Suspension
Adaptive Automatic Transmission
Adaptive Cruise Control
Adjustable Rocker Arm
Adjustable Suspension
Adjusting Screw
Advance (Ignition)
Aerodynamics
Air Brake
Air Bypass Valve
Air Conditioning
Air Control Valve
Air Filter
Air Flow Sensor
Air Suspension
Airbag
Airdam
Air/Fuel Mixture
Alcohol (Fuel)
Alignment
Alloy Wheel
Alternative Fuel
Alternative Fuel Vehicle
Alternator
Ammeter
Ampere (amp)
Anaerobic Sealer
Anode
Anti-Roll Bar
Anti-Seize Compound
Antifreeze
Antiknock additives
Approach Angle
ATV - All Terrain Vehicle
Automatic Choke
Automatic Climate Control
Automatic Transmission
Automobile
Automobile Emission Control
Auxiliary Drive Belt
AWD - All Wheel Drive
Axle

B
B-pillar
B100
B20
Backlight
Ball Joint
Base Drag
Base Pressure
Battery
Battery Electric Vehicle
Battery Thermal Management
Bearing
Bellhousing
Beltline
Benz, Karl
Berlinetta
Bespoke
Bevel Drive
Bias Tire
Bi-fuel Vehicle
Big Brake Kit
Big-End Bearing
Biobutanol
Biodiesel
Bleed Nipple
Bluff Body
Boattail
Body-on-frame
Body Filler
Boost Gauge
Bore (cylinder bore)
Boxer
Braided (steel) hoses / lines
Brake Caliper
Brake Disc (Rotor)
Brake Fade
Brake Horsepower
Brake Pads
Brake Shoe
Brake-Specific Fuel Consumption
British Thermal Unit
Battery Electric Vehicle
Bucket seats
Bulkhead
Bushings

C
C-Pillar
Cabriolet
Cam Follower
Camber
Camshaft
Canister
Cant Rail
Capacitor
Carbon Monoxide
Carburetor
Caster
Castellated (Nut)
Catalytic Converter
Cathode
Cation
CBS
Center Line
Cetane Number (CN)
Chassis
Choke
Chrome
Classic Car
Cleaner-Burning Gasoline
Clearcoat
Clutch
Coil Springs
Coilover Kit
Cold Start
Combustion
Combustion Chamber
Common Rail Direct Injection (CDI)
Composite
Composite Headlight
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)
Compression Ignition
Compression Ratio
Connecting Rod
Contact Patch
Control Arm
Converted Fuel Vehicle
Convertible
Coolant
Cooling fins
Cooperative Fuel Research Engine
Core Plug
Coupe
Coupe Deville
Cowl
Cowl Induction
Crankcase
Crankshaft
Crawl Ratio
Cruise Control
Crumple Zone
Curb Height
Curb Weight
CV Carburetor
CV Joint
CVT (Continuosly Variable Transmission)
Cylinder (engine)
Cylinder Block (engine)
Cylinder Head (engine)

D
Daimler, Gottlieb Wilhelm (1834 - 1900)
Dashboard
Destroked Engine
Diagnostic Code
Diesel Engine
Diesel Equivalent Gallon (DEG)
Diesel Fuel
Differential
Diffuser
Dimethyl Ether
Direct Injection
Disk Brake
Distributor
Double-Overhead Cam (DOHC)
Double Wishbone Suspension
Downforce
Drag
Drag Coefficient
Drivebelt
Drive Shaft
Drivetrain
Drop-head Coupe
Drum Brake
Dual Cowl
Dual Head Screw
Dunlop, John Boyd (1840 - 1921)
Duryea, Charles Edgar (1861-1938)
Dynamometer


E
E10 (fuel)
E85 (fuel)
EGR Valve
Electrode
Electrolyte
Electronic Brake-Force Distribution
Electronic Control Unit (ECU)
Electronic Differential Lock
Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI)
Electronic Ignition
Electronic Stability Control (ESC)
Electronically Controlled Coupling
Emergency Locking Retractor
Emissions
Emissions Standards
Engine Capacity
Engine Control Unit (ECU)
Equivalence Ratio
Ethanol
Ethanol Blends
EuroAmerican Hybrid
Exhaust After Treatment
Exhaust Manifold
Expansion Tank
EXUP


F
Fan Clutch
Fastback
Fender
Final Drive
Firewall
Firing Order
Fischer-Tropsch Fuel
Flash Point
Flasher Unit
Flathead (engine)
Flexible Fuel Vehicle
Flexible Fuel Vehicle Emissions
Flow Field
Fluid Coupling
Flywheel
Forced Induction
Four-Link Suspension
Four-Stroke Cycle
Four-Wheel Drive (4WD)
Freeform Headlight
Friction
Fuel Efficiency
Fuel Flexible
Fuel Injection
Fuel Processor
Fuel Pump
Fuel Reformer
Fuse
Fuse Panel


G
Gaiter
Gap
Gas Turbine
Gasket
Gasoline
Gasoline Equivalent Gallon
Gearbox
Generations (vehicle model)
Glow Plug
Goodyear, Charles (1800-1860)
Govenor
Greenhouse
Ground
Ground Clearance
GTO
Gudgeon Pin
Gullwing doors

H
Halogen Light
Handbrake
Hardtop
Harmonic Balancer
Hatchback
Headlight
Head Unit
Heat Exchanger
HEMI (engine)
Hexagonal Head Screw
High Intensity Discharge Headlight
Homologation (race)
Hood Scoop
HVAC
Hybrid drive
Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)
Hybrid Power Unit
Hybrid Propulsion Subsystem
Hydraulic
Hydraulic Tappet
Hydrocarbons
Hydrogen
Hydrogen-Rich fuel


   I
Idle Speed
Idle System
Ignition Coil
Ignition System
Ignition Timing
Independent Suspension
Indicated Mean Effective Pressure
Indicated Themal Efficiency
Induction Coil
Induction Kit
Inertia Ramcharging
In-Line Engine
Instrument Panel
Intake Manifold
Intercooler
Internal Combustion Engine
Issigonis, Alec (1906 - 1988)


J
Jump Leads


K
Kerb Weight
Kickdown
Knockoff Wheel


L
Laminar Flow
Lateral air intake
Leaf Spring
Lean Combustion Limit
Lift
Lifter
Limited Slip Differential
Lockwasher
Louver
Lubrication System


M
M85
MacPherson Strut
Manual Transmission
Marque
Master Cylinder (Brake)
Model Bloat
Monobox
Monoshock
Muscle Car


N
Nafion
Natural Gas Vehicle
Naturally aspirated
Nitrogen Oxides
NOx


O
O-Ring
Octane Number
Odometer
Oil Pan
Oil Pump
Otto, Nikolaus August (1832-1891)
Overhead Cam Engine
Overhead Valve Engine
Oversteer
Oxygen Sensor


P
Pad Wear Indicator
Parabolic Headlight
Parallel Configuration Hybrid Electric Vehicle
Parking Brake
Passenger Restraint System
Passive Anti-Theft System
Phaeton
Phillips Head Screw
Pillar
Piston
Piston Ring
Pitman-arm Steering
Plasma
Plasma-assisted Catalysis
Plasmatron
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle
Pneumatic Aerodynamics
Points (Ignition)
Pony Car
Positive Crankcase Ventilation
Power Brake Booster
Powertrain
Pozidrive Screw
Pressure Ratio
Pre-tensioner
Projector Headlight
Propellor Shaft
P-Series
Pump Duse Technology
Push-rod


Q
Quarter Light


R
Rack-and-Pinion Steering
Radial Tire
Radiator
Rear Obstacle Warning System
Reformate
Reformulated Gasoline
Refrigerant
Regenerative Braking
Remote Starter
Reynolds Number
Rocker Arm
Rocker Panel
Rod Bearing
Roll Bar
Rolling Resistance
Rotor Arm
RWD (Rear Wheel Drive)


S
Scaling Relations
Scissor Doors
Scuffing
Seat Belt
Security Screw
Sedan
Sensor
Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection
Sequential transmission
Series Configuration Hybrid Electric Vehicle
Serpentine Belt
Servo Unit
Shim
Shock Absorber
Side Impact Bars
Sill Protector
Slot Head Screw
Spaceframe
Spark Plug
Spark-Ignition Engine
Specific Power
Speed-Sensitive Steering
Speedometer
Spoiler
Sprocket
Spyder
Square Head Screw
Stabilizer Bar
Stack
Starter Inhibitor Switch
Starter Motor
Steering Column
Steering System
Streamlining
Stroke (Piston)
Suicide doors
Supercharger
Suspension


T
T-bar roof
Tachometer
Tappet
Targa
Technology-Validation Test-Bed Vehicle
Thermal Efficiency
Thermostat
Throttle Linkage
Timing belt
Timing Chain
Tie Rod
Timing Gears
Tire
Toe
Tonneau
Torque
Torque Converter
Torque steer
Touring Car
Tracer
Track
Traction
Traction Control
Transaxle
Transducer
Transmission
Trapezoidal-link Rear Suspension
Tubbed (drag car)
Tumblehome
Tune Up
Turbine
Turbo Lag
Turbocharger


U
Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel
Ultracapacitor
Understeer
Unibody Construction
Universal Joint


V
V Engine
Valve
Valve Clearance
Valve Lash
Viscosity
Voltage Regulator
Vortex Shedding
VVT (Variable Valve Timing)


W
W12 Engine
Wankel Engine
Wastegate
Water Pump
Wheel Cylinder
Wiring Diagram
Wheelbase


X


Y


Z
Zerk Fitting




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