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2009 Volkswagen L1

2009 Volkswagen L1

2009 Volkswagen L1

2009 Volkswagen 1L

2009 Volkswagen L1

2009 Volkswagen L1 interior

2009 Volkswagen L1

2009 Volkswagen L1 interior

2009 Volkswagen L1 sketch
Make Volkswagen
Model L1
Concept year 2009
Production year -
Engine 0.8 litre, TDI + electric motor

The Volkswagen L1 is a concept car which prides itself on being one of the most fuel efficient vehicles on the planet.

The 2009 Volkswagen L1 was a development of the Volkswagen 1-Litre concept car from 2002. However for the new vehicle Volkswagen's designers have added a bit of flair to the exterior design, while at the same time retaining the aerodynamic teardrop shape and tandem seating layout of the original.

Almost every element of the L1's design has been developed to reduce the vehicles fuel consumption. The narrow design with the passenger sitting behind the driver greatly reduces drag, as do the coverings over the rear wheel openings. The side mirrors have been replaced with tiny cameras in order to clean up the air flow around the car.

To reduce the overall weight and further increase fuel efficiency the bodywork of the 1L concept is formed from carbon fibre and other lightweight composite materials. Total weight for the VW L1 is a mere 380 kgs (838 lbs).

Powering the Volkswagen L1 concept is a 0.8 litre, two-cylinder, turbodiesel engine aided by an electric motor. In normal driving situations the electric motor can support the TDI engine in conditions such as by electronic load point shifting and in acceleration. If necessary - generally during acceleration - the electric motor can supply 40 percent additional torque over the entire engine speed range. Moreover, the E-motor can propel the L1 over short distances by itself. In this case, an auxiliary clutch decouples the TDI from the drivetrain.

The transmission is handled by a seven speed DSG (Direct Shift Gearbox). The DSG was developed to include clutch control for the hybrid module. Furthermore, individual gear ratios have been optimized to attain responsive driving performance despite the car's extremely low fuel consumption.

The top speed of the Volkswagen L1 is limited to 100 mph (160km/h). This helps the 1L to achieve a staggering 189.6 mpg (1.38L/100km), while CO2 emissions are just 36 g/km.


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