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Pininfarina Nido

Pininfarina Nido

Pininfarina Nido

Pininfarina Nido

Pininfarina Nido interior
Make Pininfarina
Model Nido
Concept year 2004
Production year -
Engine petrol

The Pininfarina Nido concept from 2004 was created to explore new solutions regarding crash protection in small cars.

All modern passenger cars utilise crumple zones which are designed to deform and slow down the deceleration of the occupants. In large cars there is plenty of space to incorporate these zones, in small cars it's not as easy.

With their Nido concept Pininfarina looked at other solutions to help protect the occupants.

The Nido consists of two main structures which work together to provide the maximum protection in a limited space. Firstly a chassis which accounts for roughly two thirds of the total vehicle mass. The chassis supports all the mechanical components, such as the front and rear suspension, the engine etc. This chassis consists of a deformable front section and a rigid safety cell surrounding the occupants. Inside the chassis is a sled which holds the driver and the passenger, together with the driving controls and instruments.

The chassis and the sled are connected in normal conditions by a third element, consisting of two energy dissipating absorbers with controlled rigidity achieved by the combination of three honeycomb sections of different density.

In the event of a head-on collision, the Nido absorbs part of the energy with the deformable front section of the chassis, constructed of two metal struts with internal plastic foam absorbers. These components are shaped as truncated cones in order to dissipate the energy over the cellular sheet metal firewall, which in turn transfers the energy along the central tunnel and the side members. The remaining energy, due to the mass of the occupants and the sled, shifts the sled itself forward and compresses two honeycomb absorbers between the rigid cell and the dashboard of the sled shell, resulting in the gradual and controlled deceleration of the sled and the passengers.

Passive safety features of the Pininfarina Nido include a low waistline, very wide windscreen and transparent roof which ensures excellent visibility. To protect pedestrians in the event of a collision the front moulding is completely covered with a cushion of energy absorbing material. And to reduce head injuries, the windscreen pillar is also fitted with a collapsible covering consisting of an external plastic section to fit in with the rest of the bodywork.

The interior trim and fittings of the Pininfarina Nido were not simply designed for style, but have been developed in consideration of the impact dynamics of the occupants during an accident. The doors are fitted with rhomboid aluminium alloy hinges and are oversized in comparison with average comparable components on other cars to facilitate the exit of occupants after an accident. The inner door panel of the Nido has been designed so that there are no hazardous protuberances during a collision.

The space normally taken up by the steering column and traditional pedal box has been freed up by the use of a 'steer and brake by wire' system, which means that these components no longer intrude into the passenger compartment and also allow the use of a spokeless steering wheel. This last feature optimises instrument visibility, thus further contributing to safety.

Similar and related vehicles:
Pininfarina Enjoy
Pininfarina Rossa
Pininfarina Sintesi

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