To stay in control of a vehicle while driving on snow and ice,
the key is smooth inputs. One way to think of it is to imagine
everything is happening in slow motion. Which means don't wrench
the steering wheel around, and don't prod at the pedals. Every
input should be slowly and evenly applied so as not to upset the
balance and traction of the car. Locking the wheels and sliding
is what you don't want, so when braking give yourself loads and
loads of space, and gently apply the brakes well in advance of
where you intend to stop. If you feel the car begin to slide,
let off the brakes to get them rolling again, and then reapply
the brakes with less force.
The best way to gain traction on snow or ice is to use as few
revs as possible in the highest gear possible and accelerate very
slowly. This has the effect of reducing the torque output and
reducing the chance of wheelspin.
When going down hill choose a low gear and keep the wheels turning
by letting the engine regulate the speed. If the wheels loose
traction and lock up accelerate to get them rolling again to match
the road speed, this will give them the traction needed to steer.
A great way to practice driving on snow and ice is to find an
empty parking lot with no obstructions and get a feel for how
the car reacts on slippery surfaces. It also helps you reevaluate
braking distances and cornering speeds so when you find yourself
in these conditions on the road you have an idea of how the car